Contract Scheduling with Predictions

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Spyros Angelopoulos
Shahin Kamali


Contract scheduling is a general technique that allows the design of systems with interruptible capabilities, given an algorithm that is not necessarily interruptible. Previous work on this topic has assumed that the interruption is a worst-case deadline that is unknown to the scheduler. In this work, we study new settings in which the scheduler has access to some imperfect prediction in regards to the interruption. In the first setting, which is inspired by recent advances in learning-enhanced algorithms, the prediction describes the time that the interruption occurs. The second setting introduces a new model in which predictions are elicited as responses to a number of binary queries. For both settings, we investigate trade-offs between the robustness (i.e., the worst-case performance of the schedule if the prediction is generated adversarially) and the consistency (i.e., the performance assuming that the prediction is error-free). We also establish results on the performance of the schedules as a function of the prediction error.

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